Wisdom tooth removal

Medically reviewed by  Dr. Vidhi Bhanushali Kabade BDS, TCC

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The wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to erupt in the oral cavity. They are located at the back end of your mouth, behind the second molars. They typically develop in late adolescence or early adulthood. The surgical procedure to remove these wisdom teeth is known as wisdom tooth extraction.

Why do we have to remove wisdom teeth?

wisdom-teeth markings

Numerous issues, such as pain, infection, and crowding of the neighbouring teeth, can be brought on by these teeth. In many instances, wisdom teeth removal is necessary to avoid these issues and preserve dental health.

Some people may experience pain and discomfort as these teeth attempt to break through the gums. In some situations, wisdom teeth could become impacted, which means they can’t fully erupt through the gums.

The removal of wisdom teeth may be required in certain circumstances. In order to avoid potential issues in the future, wisdom teeth removal is one of the most popular options.

What are the problems faced by wisdom tooth?

woman with Gum diseases to cause wisdom tooth removal

Pain from wisdom teeth is a typical issue that can range from minor to severe. The pressure of the erupting tooth against the adjacent teeth, gums, or jawbone is typically the culprit. In the affected area, this pressure may result in swelling, discomfort, and pain. In some circumstances, the tooth may only partially emerge, leaving a flap of skin covering the tooth with the potential for infection.

Wisdom teeth may become impacted if they are unable to fully emerge from the gums. This may result in the tissue around it becoming infected, swollen, and painful.

Impacted wisdom teeth can result in the growth of cysts or tumours, which can harm the adjacent teeth and bones. In extreme instances, impacted wisdom teeth can even harm the jaw’s nerves, resulting in tingling or numbness in the lips, tongue, and other oral tissues.

What are the reasons for the removal of a wisdom tooth?

Sometimes the wisdom tooth does not cause any discomfort or pain, so it does not need to be extracted. But when the wisdom tooth erupts at an angle or is unable to fully erupt, it causes discomfort and symptoms, which you will notice are listed below.

  • Pain.
  • Food and debris are trapped behind the wisdom tooth.
  • Gum diseases.
  • Infection.
  • Pericoronitis.
  • Decay of the tooth.
  • Damage to neighbouring tissues, teeth, or bones.
  • Cysts or tumours form around the wisdom tooth.
  • Complications with orthodontic appliances and treatments.
  • Abscess formation.

What is the procedure for the removal of wisdom teeth?

Surgery to remove wisdom teeth is a fairly simple process. In a dental office or hospital setting, it is normally carried out by an oral surgeon. The patient will receive a local anaesthetic to numb the area around their wisdom teeth prior to the treatment. Sedation may also be administered in specific circumstances to aid in the patient’s relaxation.

The dental surgeon will make a gum incision during the surgery to reveal the wisdom teeth. Once they have access to the tooth, they will use specialised dental tools to remove it. In some circumstances, partial extraction of the tooth may be required in order to remove it completely. After the teeth are carefully removed, the incision will be stitched shut if necessary. The entire procedure typically lasts an hour, and patients can typically leave the hospital the same day.

What are the post-wisdom tooth removal instructions to be followed?

Patients should anticipate some swelling and discomfort following wisdom tooth removal. It’s crucial to adhere to the oral surgeon’s post-operative care recommendations, which are stated below.

  • Apply an ice pack to reduce swelling.
  • Painkillers help you handle discomfort and pain.
  • Prescribed antibiotics should be taken for the prevention of infection.
  • Swish gently; vigorous swishing can cause dry sockets and dislodge blood clots.
  • Eat soft food such as rice.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid eating hot food for 2 or 3 days.
  • Brush your teeth gently.
  • Maintaining oral hygiene is a must.

How much does it cost to remove a wisdom tooth?

The cost of wisdom tooth extraction varies depending on the tooth’s condition. On average, it costs you around INR 5000–10,000. But it is recommended to go to a reputed clinic for the best treatment outcome and to ensure that no complications are reported after treatment.


  • Third molars, also called wisdom teeth, are the last tooth to erupt in the mouth, and the removal of this tooth is known as a wisdom tooth extraction.
  • The majority of the time, getting your wisdom teeth out is a safe and efficient strategy to avoid future issues and keep your mouth healthy.
  • It’s crucial to talk about your choices with your dentist if you are feeling pain or discomfort near your wisdom teeth or if he or she has advised removal.
  • Because the patient will experience pain and discomfort, infection, abscess, cysts, and damage to the surrounding area, it is recommended that the wisdom tooth be extracted.

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FAQs on wisdom tooth removal

Wisdom teeth removals painful?

No, the oral surgeon will administer local anaesthesia to numb your wisdom tooth and surrounding area. So, you will experience no to little pain while the extraction procedure is going on.

Are wisdom teeth extractions necessary?

Yes, it is necessary to remove wisdom teeth, as they will cause pain and damage to surrounding tissues, nerves, teeth, or bones. Also, sometimes it causes abscess formation, cyst and tumour formation, pericoronitis and other gum infections, and tooth decay.

Are wisdom teeth removals dangerous?

No, the procedure is safe. Always have your wisdom teeth removed by an oral surgeon at a reputed clinic.

How long does the pain last after wisdom tooth removal?

Pain or discomfort is experienced by the patients for 2 or 3 days. Also, the oral surgeon will prescribe you painkillers to relieve the pain. If the pain lasts more than 5 or 7 days, consult your oral surgeon.

How long is the procedure expected to last?

The procedure lasts a maximum of an hour. It depends on the severity and position of the wisdom tooth.

After wisdom teeth removal, when can I eat?

You can eat after one hour of the procedure. However, it is advised to eat cold and soft foods. 

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